In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Before Buddha, Kasi was the most powerful of the sixteen Mahajanapadas. Archived from the original on 4 June Though a well known monarchical people in the earlier period, the Kurus are known to have switched to a republican form of government during the 6th to 5th centuries BCE.

During Buddha’s time its boundaries included Anga. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara modern Bairat which janpadas said to have been named after its founder king Virata.

Mughal Dynastyc. State and Government in Ancient India. Latin cognate genusEnglish cognate kin. China was mentioned as a kingdom known as Cina, often grouped with Mleccha kingdoms.

Mathura, the capital of Surasena, was also known at the mahaajanapadas of Megasthenes as the centre of Krishna worship.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Archaeologically, this period corresponds in part to the Northern Black Polished Ware culture. The defeated king might sometimes be asked to give a tribute to the mauajanapadas king.

The Great Rebellionc. The Kurus of the Buddhist period did not occupy the same position as they did in the Vedic period but they continued to enjoy their ancient reputation for deep wisdom and sound health.


Udayana’s mother, Queen Mrigavatiis notable for being one of the earliest known female rulers in Indian history. The Chedis, Chetis or Chetyas had two distinct settlements of which one was in the mountains of Nepal and the other in Bundelkhand near Kausambi.

The king also enforced law and order in his kingdom by punishing the guilty. AyodhyaSaketaBanarasand Sravasti were the chief cities of Kosala.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

This detailed map shows the locations of kingdoms and republics mentioned in the Indian epics or Bharata Khanda. According to the political scientist Sudama Misra, the name of the Panchala janapada suggests that it was a fusion of five pancha janas. Classical Maurya Dynastyc. Part of a series on the. This model ultimately evolved into the establishment of political units known as the janapadas.

For example, Jayaswal has wrongly translated the word “amantra” in a Ramayana verse as “to offer advice”; it actually means “to bid farewell” in proper context. Literary history of ancient India in relation to its racial and linguistic affiliations, pp. According to research by political scientist Sudama Misra, the Puranic texts mention the following janapada s: Its location at the centre of the highways of trade of those days contributed to its wealth. Kenoyer”Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition.

Periods of Sri Lanka Prehistory. According to these texts, Koshala was the most powerful and biggest kingdom ever in the recorded history. Later, the kingdom was ruled by the famous king Prasenajit during the era of Mahavira and Buddha, followed by his son Vidudabha Virudhaka. Hittite pedan”place”.

A coin of Takshashilaportrays a tree flanked by a hill surmounted by a crescent and a Nandipada above a swastika. In Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastrathe Vrishnis are described as sangha or republic. These latter Kambojas are associated with the Daradas and Gandharas in Indian literature and also find mention in the Edicts of Ashoka.


The other names for the city were Magadhapura, Brihadrathapura, Vasumati, Kushagrapura and Bimbisarapuri. List of Rigvedic tribes. The defeated king, in most cases, would be free to rule his own kingdom, without maintaining any contact with the victorious king.

Problems of Ancient India, pp. Janapadqs location of the capital city, Suktimatihas not been established with certainty.

Initially king Udayana was opposed to Buddhismbut later became a follower of Buddha and made Buddhism the state religion. Some kingdoms possessed a main city that served as its capital. The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war.

Part of a series on. The western Matsya mahajanapadqs the hill tract on the north snd of the Chambal. It had its capital at Madhura or Mathura. The earliest mention of the term “janapada” occurs in the Aitareya 8. The word pada means “foot” cf. The Vrishnis, Andhakas and other allied tribes of the Yadavas formed a sangha and Vasudeva Krishna is described as the sangha-mukhya.

The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala and Dakshina-Panchala. The Janapada were highest political unit in Ancient India during this period; these polities were usually monarchical though some followed a form republicanism and succession was hereditary.